Q : What could be the closest reason why the WTO was not formed in the 1970s?
a. The US government did not like it.
b. Important players did not find it in their best interest to do so.
c. Lawyers did not work for the dispute settlement system.
d. The Tokyo Round negotiation was an attempt at constitutional reform.
Q : The most likely reason for the acceptance of the WTO package by nations was that
a. it had the means to prevent the US from taking unilateral measures.
b. they recognized the need for a rule-based environment to protect the benefits of increased trade.
c. it settles disputes more legally and more effectively.
d. its rule-based system leads to export gains.
Q : According to the passage, WTO promoted the technical legal values partly through
a. integrating under one roof the agreements signed under GATT.
b. rules that create their own incentive for fulfilment.
c. grandfather-rights exceptions and defects in dispute settlement procedures.
d. ambiguities about the powers of contracting parties to make certain decisions.
Q : In the method of interpretation of the European Court of Justice,
a. current policies needed to be consistent with stated goals.
b. contracting party trade practices needed to be consistent with stated rules.
c. enunciation of the most elementary community goals needed to be emphasised.
d. actions of member states needed to be evaluated against the stated community goals.
Q : In the statement “ . . . it amounted to a recognition that international trade and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations accept the discipline of a negotiated rules-based environment”, ‘it’ refers to
a. Ambassador Kantor’s defence of the WTO.
b. the higher priority on export gains placed by many countries at the Uruguay Round.
c. the export gains many countries came to associate with a rule-based system.
d. the provision of a rule-based system by the WTO.
Q : The importance of Cassis de Dijon is that it
a. gave a new impetus to the momentum of legal development at the European Court of Justice.
b. resulted in a decision that expanded incrementally the EU’s internal market.
c. strengthened the role of the court more than envisaged in the Treaty of Rome.
d. led to a doctrine that was a key turning point in European integration.
Q : The author argues that many people look down upon abstract art because they feel that
a. modern abstract art does not portray what is ideal and real.
b. abstract artists are unskilled in matters of technical drafting.
c. abstractionists compose irrationally.
d. All of the above
Q : The author believes that people feel comfortable with representational art because
a. they are not engulfed in brightly-coloured canvases.
b. they do not have to click their tongues and shake their heads in sympathy.
c. they understand the art without putting too much strain on their minds.
d. painting like Guernica do not have a point.
Q : In the author’s opinion, Picasso’s Guernica created a strong demand for justice since
a. it was a protest against the German bombing of Guernica.
b. Picasso managed to express the emotional content well with his abstract depiction.
c. it depicts the terror and suffering of the victims in a distorted manner.
d. it was a mature work of Picasso, painted when the artist’s drafting skills were excellent.
Q : The author acknowledges that Mondrian’s pieces may have ended up looking like a scrabble board because
a. many people declared the poor guy played too many scrabble games.
b. Mondrian believed in the ‘grid-works’ approach to abstractionist painting.
c. Mondrian was trying to convey the message of simplicity and rational order.
d. Mondrian learned from his Tree series to evolve a grid system.
Q : The main difference between the abstract artist and the representational artist in matter of the ‘ideal’
and the ‘real’, according to the author, is
a. how each chooses to deal with ‘reality’ on his or her canvas.
b. the superiority of interpretation of reality over production of reality.
c. the different values attached by each to being a historian.
d. the varying levels of drafting skills and logical thinking abilities.
Q : The author holds that
a. there is an objective reality and a subjective reality.
b. nature is the sum total of disparate elements.
c. it is human action that reveals the various facets of nature.
d. apparently disconnected elements in nature are unified in a fundamental sense.
Q : It is the author’s contention that
a. artistic creations are results of human consciousness.
b. the very act of artistic creation leads to the escape of the created object.
c. man can produce and reveal at the same time.
d. an act of creation forces itself on our consciousness leaving us full of amazement.
Q : The passage makes a distinction between perception and creation in terms of
a. objectivity and subjectivity.
b. revelation and action.
c. objective reality and perceived reality.
d. essentiality and non-essentiality of objects and subjects.
Q : The art of writing manifests the dialectic of perception and creation because
a. reading reveals the writing till the act of reading lasts.
b. writing to be meaningful needs the concrete act of reading.
c. this art is anticipated and progresses on a series of hypotheses.
d. this literary object has a moving horizon brought about by the very act of creation.
Q : A writer, as an artist,
a. reveals the essentiality of revelation.
b. makes us feel essential vis-à-vis nature.
c. creates reality.
d. reveals nature in its permanence.
Q : Demands for recognition of identities can be viewed
a. positively and negatively.
b. as liberation movements and militant action.
c. as efforts to rediscover cultural roots which can slide towards intolerance of others.
d. All of the above
Q : Going by the author’s exposition of the nature of identity, which of the following statements is
a. Identity represents creating uniform groups out of disparate people.
b. Identity is a necessity in the changing world.
c. Identity is a cognitive necessity.
d. None of the above
Q : According to the author, the nation state
a. has fulfilled its potential.
b. is willing to do anything to preserve order.
c. generates security for all its citizens.
d. has been a major force in preventing civil and international wars.
Q : Which of the following views of the nation state cannot be attributed to the author?
a. It has not guaranteed peace and security.
b. It may go as far as genocide for self-preservation.
c. It represents the demands of communities within it.
d. It is unable to prevent international wars.